Alaskan Malamute Breed Information
Looking somewhat like an oversized teddy bear, the Alaskan Malamute is a breed that today, is loving and fun. However, this particular breed was originally bred in Alaska, used primarily for hunting big game such as the polar bear and seals. In addition, due to the brute strength of the Alaskan Malamute, once the kill was made, it would also help haul the carcasses back home, often for long journeys.
The exact date of origin for this dog is unknown although we know they are ancient, being descendant of dogs from the Mahlemuit tribe. In fact, historians tell us that the Alaskan Malamute is one of the oldest of all Artic sled dogs. Bred and raised in harsh winter conditions, the Alaskan Malamute is seldom bothered by the cold. When gold was discovered in Alaska in the latter part of the 19th century, thousands of people came to claim stake.
With the Malamute already an established breed, known for strength and durability, the miners began a new form of entertainment in the form of weight-pulling contests, along with races. Over the years, this breed was bred specifically for speed, as well as to increase the number of dogs to meet the gold rush demand. With the Alaskan Malamute’s excellent reputation for power and loyalty to its master, Admiral Byrd took this breed with him in 1933 as he headed to the South Pole. Keep in mind that during the WWII era, the breed was used heavily for the military. For instance, this dog was used not just as pack animals, but also as haulers, and search and rescue. Finally, in 1935, the American Kennel Club recognized the Alaskan Malamute as an official breed, which has now grown into a favorite family pet.
Alaskan Malamute Temperament
Although the Alaskan Malamute can look imposing, it is actually a gentle breed. Showing great affection to its master, this breed is often said to be a one-person dog. However, the Alaskan Malamute is also playful while knowing his place within the home. While the Malamute is still used in many Artic regions for hunting, hauling, and sledding, you will find them kept as companions around the world.
What you will discover with the Alaskan Malamute is a graceful yet powerful dog. This breed is good natured, friendly, and generally great with children. Although the Alaskan Malamute is strong-willed, it is also an intelligent and easy to train dog. The only thing to be aware of is that sometimes, this breed will show aggressive tendencies toward other pets and animals to include livestock. Remember, the Alaskan Malamute is a pack animal, meaning it typically likes to lead. Therefore, you will need to make sure it knows who the boss is.
Alaskan Malamute Size and Color
This powerfully built dog has a deep chest with a well-muscled body. Because of the way in which the Alaskan Malamute stands over its pads, it gives the impression of pride. Typically, the male dog will measure between 25 and 28 inches at the withers while the female is slightly smaller, between 23 and 26 inches. As far as weight, the male weighs on average 90 to 125 pounds while the female is generally around 75 to 85 pounds.
The Alaskan Malamute keeps its broad head erect, the eyes are bright and alert, and the ears are triangular. This breed also has a bulky muzzle and an extra thick coat of hair. Known for its double coat, the Malamute’s topcoat is a coarse type of guard hair, which lays over the wool-like undercoat.
As far as colors, the Alaskan Malamute comes in a nice variety to include sable, red, silver, white, and black, along with color combinations. The face of the Malamute has distinguishing facial marks to include a cap over the head and a face that is 100% white or with a mask and/or bar. In addition, this breed has a distinct tail, which is furry and carried up and over the back.
Alaskan Malamute Feeding and Grooming Requirements
Although the coat of the Malamute is not overly long, this breed does need daily brushing. Typically, a bath every two weeks along with brushing is all you need to do for grooming. We also recommend that if you get your dog as a puppy try to accustom it to having the teeth brushed and nails clipped. For diet, the Alaskan Malamute needs to be kept on quality dog food, something such as Science Diet. Because of the muscle mass and power behind this breed, adequate protein is a good idea.
Alaskan Malamute Exercise Needs
Although you will find pet owners of this breed in warmer weather climates, the Alaskan Malamute does far better in cool temperatures. This particular dog loves to run and play so daily exercise is essential. In addition, the Malamute is a large breed animal. Therefore, you need to be sure to provide adequate space, preferably a large, fenced backyard. If you live in a warmer climate, it is recommended you keep the dog indoors during the hot summer months. Just remember that being in warm temperatures will promote shedding even more than normal so be prepared. With proper care and attention, the Alaskan Malamute should live between 10 and 12 years of age.
Read More About : Alaskan Malamute
- Alaskan Malamute : 10 Most Common Questions
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- Owning an Alaskan Malamute : Breeder Recommendations
- Alaskan Malamute Health Guide
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Alaskan Malamute Breed Information